As state-changing blockchain operations inherently require gas (a mechanism to ensure someone gets rewarded for processing a decentralized function), a fee paid in cryptocurrency, this fundamentally locks out a majority of users who are accustomed to immediately using a centralized application without cost. We utilize delegate operators (in a manner similar to OpenGSN’s network); users feelessly sign a meta-transaction and relay that to an operator address that can execute the relayed transaction, paying the gas for the user.

With the codification and ongoing incremental security audit of EIP-4337 (to be included in the Ethereum core consensus mechanism with issues resolved), we anticipate the inclusion of these patterns to further abstract account creation friction away from the user and general populace.

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